Functional movement disorder

What is this movement disorder?

Functional movement disorder, also known as psychogenic movement disorder, is a neurological condition characterized by the presence of abnormal movements, weakness, or alterations in motor coordination without an evident organic basis. Although the symptoms appear to be neurological in origin, they are not related to structural injuries or dysfunctions in the central or peripheral nervous system.

Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in approaching and treating this disorder. The focus of physiotherapy is on functional rehabilitation and improving the quality of life of patients suffering from this disorder. One of the main objectives of physiotherapy is to help the patient regain functionality and reintegrate into their daily activities.

Physiotherapeutic treatment for functional movement disorder includes a combination of techniques and approaches. Firstly, a comprehensive assessment is conducted to understand the nature and extent of the patient’s symptoms. This allows for the design of a personalized treatment plan tailored to the individual needs of each person.

Physiotherapy techniques used may include specific rehabilitation exercises to improve coordination, strength, and balance. These exercises are designed to assist the patient in controlling and improving abnormal movements. Additionally, sensory and proprioceptive reeducation techniques may be used to enhance body perception and coordination.

Teamwork is essential in the treatment of functional movement disorder. Physiotherapists collaborate closely with other healthcare professionals such as psychologists and neurologists to ensure a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach. Cognitive-behavioral therapy can also be an integral part of the treatment, addressing the emotional and psychological aspects that may contribute to symptom manifestation.

In conclusion, physiotherapy plays a vital role in addressing functional movement disorder by helping patients improve functionality and quality of life through a multidisciplinary approach involving specific exercises, rehabilitation techniques, and close collaboration with other healthcare professionals. This comprehensive approach is essential to achieve positive outcomes and facilitate the reintegration of patients into their daily activities.